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The skills of the scientific illustrator must extend far beyond the ability to create an attractive drawing. In addition to mastering the standard repertoire of artists' techniques and digital drawing tools, successful scientific illustrators must understand and be proficient in a host of techniques and methods unique to their field. Sponsored by the Guild of Natural Science Illustrators and written by top illustrators, scientists, and experts, The Guild Handbook of Scientific Illustration, Second Edition, is an indispensable guide for the novice as well as an invaluable reference for the professional illustrator and scientist.
This Second Edition offers broad coverage, ranging from a basic discussion of the roles and responsibilities of the scientist (or client) and the illustrator to the most current technological advances in the field. It includes new chapters on basic computer graphics, 3D modeling, murals, model-building, the illustration of molecules, astronomy, and earth sciences. All chapters have been updated. The hundreds of tools and materials that th illustrator uses are examined here, with specific recommendations for surfaces, media, drawing tools, propping materials, measuring devices, and more. Real-world guidance, best practices, and helpful tips support the text, as well as information on innovative applications unique to scientific illustration. Rendering light on form is a topic that would benefit any artist.
All aspects of illustrating scientific subjects are covered, from depicting specimens to preserving finished illustrations. Care and handling of often-rare specimens and understanding the anatomy of taxonomic groups are addressed in the section on subject matter. This section treats the illustration of physical sciences, plants, animals, and fossils, including wildlife, anthropological and archaeological artifacts, and medical subjects. Each chapter lists the materials needed to illustrate specimens and explains conventions to follow when depicting a subject.
Beyond basic skills, the section on rendering techniques explores new materials and innovative methods, as well as traditional standbys and their applicability to scientific illustration. Each chapter in this section includes a comprehensive list of various drawing surfaces and other implements. Step-by-step instructions for a variety of illustrative techniques and related tools are explored in detail, such as drawing with ink, pencils, carbon dust, watercolor and wash, gouache, acrylics, airbrush, and digital media.
Scientific illustration is more than just rendering specimens, however. This practical volume provides information on using microscopes; creating charts, diagrams, and maps; reproducing artwork, both as slides or prints and for publication; and creating the best archival conditions. Important material and advice is provided on copyright and contractual concerns, as well as establishing a freelance business.
With more than 620 outstanding examples of scientific illustration in black-and-white and color, this veritable encyclopedia of scientific illustration also serves as a source of inspiration, regardless of your area of interest. Scientific illustrators refer to it as their "bible." This gorgeous, comprehensive handbook belongs on the shelf of anyone who produces, assigns, or simply appreciates scientific illustration.
ELAINE R.S. HODGES worked as a scientific illustrator in the Department of Entomology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History. After entering the field of scientific illustration at the Smithsonian in 1965, she helped found the Guild of Natural Science Illustrators, serving as its first newsletter editor and later as vice president and president. She has also lectured, taught, and written extensively on the field.
The Board of Editors includes Steve Buchanan, John Cody, and Trudy Nicholson.
Dr. Buchanan is a freelance scientific illustrator who works exclusively in digital media. He has produced 33 stamp designs for the U.S. Postal Service, including Tropical Flowers, Insects & Spiders, and Reptiles and Amphibians, and has had his art appear in Scientific American, The New York Times, andFine Gardening Magazine, among other venues. Trained as a concert pianist, he received his B.M. from Oberlin and his M.M. and D.M.A. from University of Texas/Austin and was an Associate Professor of Music at James Madison University. He has received numerous awards for his artwork, including Best of Show and Gold Medal in the 12th International Dimensional and Digital Awards Show, two Certificates of Merit from the Society of Illustrators, and a Gold Medal from Creativity 30.
Dr. John Cody, a freelance Nature Artist, studied medical illustration at the Johns Hopkins Medical School after receiving his B.S. in zoology from St. John's University. After accompanying William Beebe on an expedition to Trinidad, where he illustrated flora and fauna, he studied medicine and received his M.D. from the University of Arkansas Medical Center. He was Director of the High Plains Mental Health Center for 22 years. Dr. Cody has authored numerous books and articles, among them Atlas of Foreshortening, Visualizing Muscles, and biographies of Emily Dickinson and Max Brödel. In 1997 he received the Governor's Arts Award for Lifetime Achievement in Art from the State of Kansas. He teaches workshops and lectures regularly. Throughout his life, Dr. Cody has painted saturniid moths in their habitats to educate viewers about environmental degradation. These paintings are widely exhibited and are depicted in his book Wings of Paradise.
Trudy Nicholson is a freelance Natural Science Illustrator. For 32 years she was a medical illustrator at the National Institutes of Health. Among her major clients are Grass Instrument Company, Time-Life Books, and Smithsonian Institution. She received a B.S. in fine arts from Columbia University and a Medical Illustration Certificate from Massachusetts General Hospital. Newsletter Editor for the Guild of Natural Science Illustrators for many years, she has received several awards, including the Best Illustrated Book Award from the Association of Medical Illustrators, a Certificate of Excellence from the American Institute of Graphic Arts, and a Federal Design Council Award of Merit. Mrs. Nicholson exhibits extensively, has written often about scientific illustration techniques, and frequently teaches workshops.